Last reviewed by Dr.Mary on September 20th, 2019.

What is Akinesia?

This is loss of standard motor functions or slowness that causes impaired movement of muscle; plainly “without movement” or “without much movement”. It can be caused by paralysis or paralysis that is temporary and also from being in a coma. Akinesia might disturb all or only a portion of the body. Akinesia can be a side effect of the majority of antipsychotic drugs. According to the latest in medical literature, the side effect – which are part of Parkinsonism – usually happens numerous weeks after beginning antipsychotic drugs. Akinesia has symptoms of apathy and decrease in unplanned motion. These side effects looks a lot like the apathy and slowness linked with depression or the ‘negative symptoms’’ of schizophrenia and therefore is often misdiagnosed or left untreated.

Akinesia Symptoms

Akinesia is a term in medicine as meaning or describing loss of motor functions. This term factually has the meaning of “without movement”. It is linked with of numerous medical disorders; perhaps most markedly Parkinson’s disease and it may as well be caused by some drugs and by injuries to the brain, predominantly the basal ganglia of the brain. Treatment possibilities for this disorder of movement vary, dependent on what is creating the lack of movement. Individuals who progress with akinesia usually already understand the disorder is being caused by some other disorder that has already been identified and is emerging due to it being a complication of this other condition. But they should still be evaluated by a physician.

Akinesia Causes

The causes of akinesia are any of a number of disorders which are similar to Parkinson’s disease. It is unclear what causes the atypical functioning of the nerves that are linked to these types of disease so it is unclear what causes akinesia. There are definite situations and drugs that can cause akinesia. Basically, on a fundamental level this disorder is caused by any drugs or injuries to the brain – predominantly the basal ganglia of the brain.

Conditions or medications which causes symptoms close to those of Parkinson’s disease and one of those symptoms includes akinesia. These include:

Definite medications

There are drugs such as antipsychotics which are used to manage severe paranoia and schizophrenia may cause an individual to experience symptoms that look like Parkinson’s disease and one of these symptoms is akinesia. These symptoms begin several weeks after beginning taking some of these antipsychotic medications.

Shy-Drager Syndrome

There is a rare deteriorating condition known as Shy-Drager syndrome that produces many of these same symptoms comparable to Parkinson’s and one of these symptoms is akinesia.

Street drugs

For example MPTP – which it is a synthetic heroin pollutant that causes severe Parkinson’s disease like symptoms – one of these being akinesia.

Blood vessel syndromes

Although rare, stroke and atherosclerosis –or hardening of the arteries – can cause symptoms comparable to Parkinson’s disease. One of these symptoms includes akinesia.

Akinesia Treatment

How is akinesia treatment? The treatment is much like the treatment for Parkinson’s disease in some cases. Other treatment options for this problem with movement vary, dependent on what is causing the lack of movement.

For example, if an individual is confined to bed for several months – the person might develop akinesia especially in their lower extremities. In this case, physical therapy is the treatment of choice in order to gain use of the legs again.

Any individual with this type of disorder needs to see a physician who specializes in disorders or diseases of movement.

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