What exactly is a Chigger bite?
Basically it is a bite from a chigger which is an extremely tiny larva that is parasitic as well as red in color. The larva is of the scrub mite or harvest mite and is also named the red mite. It is a hazard to reptiles, birds as well as a range of mammals as well as humans. Nymphs as well as the adult harvest mites are normally not harmful for humans. But, it’s the chigger larvae that create skin as well as health problems. The chigger isn’t an insect but instead is member of the spider family known as arachnid.
Chiggers need nutrients so that they can advance to the nymph stage. This is done by getting food from animals and humans. Chiggers fasten themselves to humans near a pore in the skin or follicle for hair and it is then that they inject an enzyme for digestion in the skin. This enzyme ruptures the cells of the skin. The skin responds to this development by hardening the cells on all sides and because of this a tube structure which is hard and referred to as a stylostome is formed. The stylostome is basically a tube for feeding. In this way the chiggers sucks out the skin cell fluid. As they are attached to the skin the chiggers are constantly injecting saliva which liquefies additional tissue and continues to suck up the fluid. This entire process starts a wide variety of conditions of the skin and for this reason treatments for bites from chiggers are needed.
When the chiggers are done feeding, which can take from 1 to several days but most commonly 3 to 4 days, they will leave the host and then grow into nymphs.
Chigger Bite Symptoms
Treatments for bites of the chigger are often required in order to ease the indications that occur after a bite. In a few hours after a bite, severely intense itching of the skin will begin. This will be accompanied by the emergence of bumps which are red on the skin. In time, more and much larger hives, bumps or welts become noticeable. The symptoms of itching will normally get worse and can last a long time since the chigger is continually injecting saliva into the skin to continue feeding and the skin responds to this saliva.
As soon as the chigger is finished eating which is after a few days, it falls off. But the feeding tube is left in the skin. This tube is identified as a welt which is red and has a hard, white central area that may become dermatitis. What individuals normally note in the center of the hive is the tube and not the chigger body.
This feeding tube or stylostome will continue to cause skin irritation even without the chigger. The skin keeps on being intensely itchy as well as to contain welts or hives. The length of time the chigger was feeding, the deeper the feeding tube went and therefore the more the relentlessness of the symptoms. These symptoms because of the feeding tube may continue for 2 to 3 weeks. Scratching the cap which is dried off of the top of the feeding tube can cause some liquid to leak out as well as form a possible infection.
In diseases, North American chiggers normally do not pass on diseases so a typical treatment for chigger bites is all the treatment that is needed. But, in Eastern Asia as well as the Southern Pacific regions, a bite from a chigger often leads to a disease known as “scrub typhus” – which is also known as “scrub disease”, “tsutsugamushi” or “Japanese River Disease”.
The symptoms of Chigger Bite disease include:
- Muscle pain
- Gastrointestinal problems
Chigger Bite Treatment
The very best treatment for bites from chiggers is first to eliminate the chiggers immediately. This will decrease the relentlessness and time of the symptoms. The chiggers can also be detached by showering with soapy warm water. In fact, even light chafing of the skin with a cloth or towel is sufficient to eliminate the chiggers. Other symptoms which will develop include:
- Skin redness
These symptoms can be comforted by using the normal treatments for these symptoms. These treatments normally involve using antihistamines or hydrocortisone creams. There are furthermore available on the market as commercial products only for treatments for bites from chiggers.