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Callus – Causes, Removal, Treatment, Pictures

Written by Dr.Mary

What is a Callus?

Calluses and also corns are layers of thick skin that are hardened and occur when the skin protects itself from pressure as well as friction. They can be very unsightly but are a protective reaction.

When you are healthy, you should only require treatment for calluses when they cause any pain. For the majority of individuals, by merely eliminating the cause of the pressure or friction generally makes the calluses vanish.

Callus Symptoms

You probably have calluses if you see:

  • Rough, thick locale of skin.
  • Raised, hardened bump.
  • Pain or tenderness under the skin.
  • Dry, waxy or flaky skin.

Callus or Corns

Calluses and corns are frequently confused but they are not the identical thing:

  • Calluses normally develop on the soles of the feet, particularly under the balls or heels, on the palms of the hands or on the knees. Calluses are very rarely painful and can vary in shape as well as size, and they are usually larger than corns.
  • Corns are slighter than calluses are and they have a center which is hard surrounded by skin which is inflamed. Corns usually tend to occur on areas of the feet that do not put up with any weight, for instances the sides and tops of the toes, but, they also can be found in some cases in weight-bearing regions. Corns may even occur between toes. They can be throbbing when pushed on or touched.

If a callus becomes inflamed or painful, the individual should see their primary care physician. If the individual has circulation which is poor or diabetes, they should talk to their physician before doing any self-treating. With diabetes or poor circulation even a small injury to the foot can develop into an open sore that can become infected and is very difficult too heal. It could even lead to gangrene and amputation.

Callus Causes

Friction and pressure from actions which are repetitive can create calluses and cause them to get larger. A few causes consist of:

Shoes that don’t fit

If shoes are tight or small or have a very high heel, they squeeze areas of the feet. When they are too loose, the foot can repeatedly slide as well as rub inside the shoe. The foot can also rub up against a stitch or seam inside the shoe which is poorly placed. Another instant is bunions which often have calluses over the bunion because of rubbing against the shoe.

No socks

When wearing sandals or shoes without socks it may lead to rubbing on the feet. Ill-fitting socks turn into a problem.

Hand tools

On the hands calluses can occur because of the repetitive pressure of using various tools at work, in the backyard or around the house. For example, farmers get hand calluses that prevent the hands from developing possible blisters which are painful.


There are individuals with certain factors which can increase the risk of calluses:

  • Hammertoe, bunions or any other deformities of the feet.
  • Not protecting hands when using tools,

Callus Treatment

The treatment for calluses normally consists of avoiding repeating actions which causes them to grow. Wearing shoes that fit properly, using shielding pads as well as other means for self-care may help resolve them.

When the callus endures or start hurting in spite of self-care effects, medical therapy can supply relief:

Salicylic acid

The physician can apply a bandage which contains 40% salicylic acid. The physician will advise the individual how often the bandage should be replace, as well as recommend on using a purnice stone or a nail file to level the dead skin away before adding a new bandage. Salicylic acid is accessible in a topical variety for large areas for instance Cuad Mediplast, Dr. Scholl’s Corn Removers as well as others.


The physician may pare down skin which is thickened with a scalpel, normally during an office visit.

Antibiotic medication

The physician can also advise using an antibiotic ointment to decrease the chance of infection.

Inserts in shoe

If an individual has a fundamental foot deformity, the physician can prescribe custom-make shoe inserts pads – orthotics – to avert recurring calluses.


For those rare instances, the doctor can also advise surgery to correct any miss-alignment of bone that could be causing the problem.

Callus Pictures

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